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ODD - Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a Disruptive Behavior Disorder.


These are defiant, negative and disobedient behaviors, especially in front of authority figures. These behaviors present in the disorder restrict the child's social life, due to constant manifestations of anger, stubbornness, hostility and insubordination.


Every child and adolescent can exhibit behaviors of this nature at some stage in their lives. Therefore, the diagnosis of ODD is made when symptoms persist for more than six months and occur in different environments.


Symptoms of ODD usually appear in preschool, although they can appear later in adolescence. As mentioned, the main symptoms of the disorder include the following behaviors:
•    aggressiveness;
•    irritability;
•    defies rules and instructions;
•    argues with adults frequently;
•    disobedience;
•    agitation;
•    disturbs others deliberately;
•    blames third parties for their mistakes;
•    can be cruel and vindictive.


As we can see, the behaviors present in ODD harm children's social skills and can make them feel bad and guilty. Therefore, it is very important to seek help from a doctor, psychologist and educational psychologist to receive appropriate guidance and treatment.


ODD treatment aims to modify these behaviors that cause harm to the social and academic lives of children and adolescents. Most often, this is done through behavior management techniques and a disciplinary approach with reinforcement of desired behaviors. 


Parents and teachers can receive guidance from professionals who work with children so that they know how to act at home and at school, in order to help the child modify these behaviors.
 

Source: Neurosaber Institute

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